The Sanskrit word Svabhava literally means ‘own-being’ or ‘own-becoming’. It is the intrinsic, essential nature or essence of living beings. The Buddhist symbol for Svabhāva is a wooden wheel.
A line shaft is a power driven rotating shaft for power transmission that was used extensively from the Industrial Revolution until the early 20th century. Before widespread use of electric motors small enough to be connected directly to each piece of machinery, line shafting was used to distribute power from a large central power source to machinery throughout a workshop or an industrial complex. The central power source could be a water wheel, turbine, windmill, animal power or steam engine. Power was distributed from the shaft to the machinery by a system of belts, pulleys and gears known as millwork. The pulleys were constructed of wood, iron or steel. Varying sizes of pulleys were used in conjunction to change the speed of rotation. Near the end of the 19th century, some factories had a mile or more of line shafts in a single building.
Image: Examples of wooden pulleys.
A man scavenges the streets of Rotterdam, picking up old doors and boards; materials considered worthless by others. He turns them into beautiful and spectacular works of art in his workshop, celebrating the inventiveness and perseverance of humanity as well as its frailty and failures. Welcome to the portfolio of Ron van der Ende. Just click the images. Any work is only two steps away.